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Blog 2018-10-05T10:50:30+00:00

Why Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation?

By | November 9th, 2018|Social Protection, Sustainable Development|0 Comments

World Health Organization data shows that 1.7 million deaths a year are attributable to unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene. 54.2 million disability-adjusted life years (DALY) are caused by unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene – each DALY represents the loss of one year of equivalent full health. Interventions to improve water, sanitation, and hygiene practices have been shown to reduce sickness from diarrhea by between one-quarter and one-third. Communities can examine existing hygiene behaviors, practices, traditions and understand how transmission of disease takes place and how it can be prevented at a household level. Girls who are unable to access clean safe water, separate toilets and handwashing facilities at the school are much more likely to drop out. Participatory methods recognize that the learner can also offer something to the effort of community development. This approach encourages the participation of individuals in a group process no matter what age, sex, social class or educational background. It works on the premise that all partners are equal. Participatory Hygiene And Sanitation Transformation (PHAST) is one such approach that does not pivot on the premise that knowledge is transferred from well-informed teacher to an eagerly receiving learner. In 1992 the World Health Organisation (WHO)/United [...]

Ecosystem Based Management

By | November 6th, 2018|Disaster Risk Management and Reduction, Governments, International, Non Governmental Organizations, Sustainable Development|0 Comments

The 21st Century has witnessed impacts of Climate Change in many sectors. Having healthy ecosystems play a significant role in providing services to adjust to climate change. Communities have always sought to protect themselves and their valued assets from natural pressures and reduce their vulnerabilities. Recently, increasing interest is being directed towards adaptation approaches that use ecosystem services to build socio-ecological resilience for extreme climatic events. According to the First Joint Ministerial Meeting of the Helsinki and OSPAR Commissions (JMM) in Bremen in June 2003, an ecosystem-based approach to management refers to the comprehensive integrated management of human activities based on the best available scientific knowledge about the ecosystem and its dynamics, in order to identify and take action on influences which are critical to the health of marine ecosystems, thereby achieving sustainable use of ecosystem goods and services and maintenance of ecosystem integrity Ecosystem-Based Adaptation Management (EBAM) uses various approaches for sustainable management, conservation, and restoration of ecosystems so as to provide services that empower people to adapt to the impacts of climate change. It provides a viable approach to environmental conservation and protection that integrates institutions and people across multiple sectors to collectively manage and protect biodiversity and natural [...]

Green Jobs and Economic Growth

By | October 10th, 2018|Disaster Risk Management and Reduction, Governments, International, Renewable Energy, Sustainable Development|0 Comments

The United Nations Environmental Protection and the Bureau of Labor Statistics, describe Green jobs as jobs that help to protect ecosystems and biodiversity, reduce energy, materials and water consumption through high-efficiency strategies, decarbonize the economy and minimize or altogether avoid all forms of waste and pollution. Based on the above definitions, I can say that environmental protection is an important aspect of economic growth and development. Since sustainable utilization of resources forms a key component of environmental protection, Kenya as a signatory to many environmental treaties e.g. the Ramsar convention on wetlands has no option but regulate on the utilization of resources from the natural resource base. The Kenyan constitution dictates that the state shall ensure sustainable exploitation, utilization, management and conservation of the environment and natural resources.  It also provides for the establishment of environmental Impact assessment, environmental audit and monitoring of the environment (Currently being carried out by the National Environment and Management Agency NEMA established under the Environmental Management and Coordination Act of 1999). As such, we can comfortably say that unlike in the past, we have a basis for the creation of green jobs guaranteed by the most supreme law of the land. In The East [...]

Preparing a Flood Disaster Preparedness Plan

By | October 10th, 2018|Disaster Risk Management and Reduction, Non Governmental Organizations, Sustainable Development|0 Comments

For a long time, floods have been a thorn in the flesh of Kenyans. Rain is the main core of our existence yet it is also a weapon for mass destruction. It is not impossible to handle rainfall. We need plans, skills, and technology in order to tackle it. We also need institutional mechanisms like the Water Act, 2002 provides a catchment management strategy for the protection and control of water resources. If applied practically, this can reduce flood. Flood is one of the most common hazards in Kenya. It is defined as the covering of normally dry land by water that has escaped or has been released from the normal confines of any lake or any river or other natural watercourses, whether or not altered or modified or any reservoir or dam. The Budalangi floodplain, situated within the Lake Victoria region is one of the most densely populated regions in Kenya. The floodplain is found in western Kenya and lies on the eastern shores of Lake Victoria where River Nzoia is entering the lake. The flood usually starts when River Nzoia breaks its banks. The highest point in the western region of Kenya is the peak of Mt. Elgon while [...]